Ghassan Salamé, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya, said that the truce in Libya is still standing, but at the same time confirmed that there are up to 50 violations, that the mission is attempting to document, treat and stop, with the largest being at Tripoli's Mitiga Airport on Wednesday.
Salamé stressed in an interview with France 24 Thursday, that the UN mission informed the Libyan parties of the necessity not to repeat those violations of the truce, which must be preserved at any cost, and stressed the need to gradually transform the armistice into a cease-fire, noting that "this is the goal of the military commission we are working on in Geneva.”
He reaffirmed the difference between the truce, which is an agreement to stop using weapons for a limited period of time, and a ceasefire, which is an agreement between the parties on the position of "surveillance, buffer zone, heavy weapons, armed formations."
Salamé stressed that "what we have generated from the Berlin conference is not a solution to the crisis, but an opportunity for Libyans to agree on the three tracks that we set", noting that the economic and financial track has been going well since the Tunis meeting on January 6, and the military and security track will begin in Geneva next week, after the names of the five officers have been agreed between the two conflicting parties in Libya.
Salamé considered that the dismantling of the militias is necessary to resolve the conflict in Libya, but at the same time stressed that the United Nations can only convince the parties that they no longer need weapons and that they must be placed in the hands of the state.
Regarding the arms embargo to Libya, the UN envoy said that the Security Council’s decision has been violated dozens of times since the war on the capital, Tripoli, began on April 4, noting that these violations are still continuing even after the Berlin conference and stressed the need for participating countries to adhere to its outcomes.