Migrants in Libya are extremely vulnerable to prostitution and being exploited for labor the US Department of State said, stressing that the Libyan judiciary has not moved to convict perpetrators of trafficking crimes.
The US State Department's annual report on human trafficking in Libya for 2019 noted that as of December 2018, there were at least 66,345 migrants in 100 municipalities. Libya continued to be an important starting point for migrants crossing the Mediterranean from North Africa; however, the number of departures from Libya to Italy declined significantly during 2018.
The US report refers to the cooperation and rivalry of various armed groups, gangs, criminal networks and smugglers in the trafficking of migrants to Libya.
The report revealed networks of highly trafficked migrants arriving in Libya from Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and other sub-Saharan countries, exposing them to forms of prostitution, confiscation of identity documents, travel documents, forced labor, verbal and physical abuse.
Washington has reported "the complicity of government officials involved in human trafficking and smuggling of migrants, including Libyan Coast Guard officials and members of armed groups officially incorporated into state institutions, as well as Interior Ministry officials."
The report confirmed that the Ministry of Justice in Libya has not supplied statistics on prosecutions or convictions of human trafficking offenses, including government officials alleged to be accomplices in trafficking offenses or militias allied with the government and other armed groups that recruited and used children as soldiers.
The US State Department for the fourth year kept Libya as an "exceptional case" in the fight against human trafficking due to the volatile political situation in the country.